Understanding Challenging Behaviours

Functional behaviour assessment (FBA) is a systematic process that enables teachers, parents and other caregivers to: a) describe problematic and challenging behaviour; b) identify environmental factors and setting events that influence, or increase the probability that the challenging behaviour will occur; and, c) determine what factors may cause the student to maintain the challenging behaviour and design effective and efficient behaviour support plans to reduce or eliminate the challenging behaviour. Functional analysis of behaviour is integral to the development of positive behavioural support (PBS) plans.

PBS provides needed behavioural supports for those students experiencing challenging behaviour. It is important to keep in mind that needed supports should be just that -"needed". Behavioural supports should be provided only to the extent necessary to help the student experience greater behavioural successes and increase his or her access to a normalized lifestyle within the school, home, and community settings.